Benefits of Electric Cars
The benefits of these electrics is dependent on the power storage technology (batteries, fuel cells, combustion generators, etc).
Benefits All EVs Share
Nearly all electric vehicles, no matter their power storage medium, are cheaper to operate over time. They all have lower emissions at the tailpipe as well. They also reduce oil consumption as a part of their fuel savings and economy.
Some specific benefits for each electric vehicle type are:
Battery Electric Cars
Battery electric vehicles have some of the best overall benefits of all current technologies. They cost less to operate over time, have lower emissions (no matter the recharging power source), and are generally more reliable with fewer moving parts.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Cars
These hybrids use a fuel cell that combines hydrogen with air to make water, creating electricity in the process. Their only emission at the tailpipe is pure water. Hydrogen is more efficient than gasoline and diesel and HFCVs share most of the same benefits that battery electrics do. Currently, they are very expensive, however, so payback of purchase premium from fuel saved is not likely.
Standard hybrid electrics like the Toyota Prius are not generally cost effective in terms of premium payback for the fuel saved.
Plug-in hybrids compare very well to their standard fuel counterparts, however, and do often at least break even in premium vs. savings.
Of all of the alternatives, hybrid vehicles are also the easiest to adopt as they require little or no change in lifestyle or fuel types. This makes them much more adoptable for the short-term.
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